Nigeria has introduced an emergency mass polio vaccination marketing campaign within the north-east after two new instances emerged.
They have been the primary incidences of the extremely infectious illness in Africa for greater than two years.
The federal government stated polio paralysed two youngsters in Borno state, part of Nigeria the place Boko Haram militants have hindered well being campaigns.
The event is seen as a serious setback for Nigeria, which was on monitor to be declared polio free in 2017.
The instances have been confirmed precisely two years after Africa’s final earlier case – within the Puntland area of Somalia, on eleven August 2014.
Nigeria’s authorities stated that a million youngsters can be immunized within the affected areas in Borno and an extra 4 million may even be focused in neighbouring states.
Well being Minister Isaac Adewole stated the precedence was to “increase immunity” and “make sure that no extra youngsters are affected by this horrible illness”.
The Nigerian authorities, together with specialists from the World Well being Group (WHO), are at present investigating the state of affairs to seek out out the place the virus has unfold.
The mass vaccination might begin “as quickly as subsequent week”, WHO Director for Polio Eradication Michel Zaffran advised the BBC Newsday programme.
The militant Islamist Boko Haram insurgency in north-east Nigeria has made some areas of Borno onerous to entry in recent times.
The truth that these two instances have been found was a results of elevated well being surveillance within the north-east, which was made potential by army success towards Boko Haram, the federal government stated.
Supply: World Health Organization
The history of polio
Nigeria has made numerous progress in reversing the unfold of polio within the final 5 years.
In 2012, the nation had greater than half of all polio instances worldwide, the WHO says.
The WHO places the discount right down to a “concerted effort by all ranges of presidency, civil society, spiritual leaders and tens of hundreds of devoted well being staff”.
To ensure that the WHO to declare a rustic freed from polio it has to go three years with no new case.
Polio is a viral illness that often impacts youngsters and may solely be prevented by way of immunisation.
It’s unfold by poor sanitation and contaminated water.
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *
Sign me up for the newsletter!
The content is the property of the Roznama Urdu and without permission of the publisher will be considered copyright infringement..