“After I met Sakharov in 1976, and he agreed to have Random Home publish his autobiography,” Mr. Bernstein wrote in an e-mail, “Ed turned invaluable in maintaining us in contact and within the accrual modifying course of. When Sakharov was unable to attend his Nobel Prize ceremony in Oslo, Elena Bonner requested Ed and me and our wives to satisfy her in Oslo, which we did.”
Mr. Kline was additionally the president of the Andrei Sakharov Foundation, a human-rights group based mostly in Springfield, Va.
Mr. Kline was so near Sakharov and Ms. Bonner, his spouse, that in 1981 he was a stand-in bride for his or her son’s wedding ceremony in Montana (one of many few states that permit proxy marriages) after the Soviet authorities had refused to let his fiancée depart the nation to marry him.
The couple’s 4-yr attraction that the fiancée be allowed to hitch her husband-by-proxy was lastly granted after the Sakharovs mounted a 17-day starvation strike.
Mr. Kline additionally established Chekhov Publishing in New York, which printed books in Russian by Joseph Brodsky, Nadezhda Mandelstam and different authors who have been banned within the Soviet Union. The books have been spirited previous Soviet border guards to grateful readers hungry for options to spoon-fed propaganda.
With one other dissident, Valery Chalidze, he meticulously documented rights violations by the Soviet authorities. The 2 established Khronika Press, a Russian-language writer whose identify was impressed by the main underground human rights bulletin within the Soviet Union, the Chronicle of Present Occasions.
“Ed was an unsung hero,” stated one other collaborator, Stephen F. Cohen, emeritus professor of Russian research at New York College and Princeton. “He needed it that means. However now there ought to be a music.”
Edward Kline was born on Feb. 7, 1932, in Manhattan to the previous Sylvia Halper and George Kline, who, together with his brother, began a division retailer chain, Kline Brothers, within the Midwest.
He graduated from the Horace Mann Faculty and acquired a bachelor’s diploma in arithmetic from Yale in 1952.
Mr. Kline was in graduate faculty getting a complicated diploma in math when his father died abruptly, main him to take over the household enterprise, which had its headquarters in New York Metropolis.
Along with his spouse, the previous Jill Herman, he’s survived by their daughter, Carole Feuer, and two grandchildren.
Whereas he made a hit of the chain shops (they have been later bought to a personal investor), Mr. Kline was stressed. His daughter recalled him as a self-proclaimed “moody mental” whose creativeness was piqued by the Soviet dissident motion within the early Nineteen Sixties.
“In 1962, he started an eight-yr battle to study the language with a personal Russian tutor,” Ms. Feuer stated. “At this level, he turned obsessed.”
He met Mr. Chalidze, who, together with Mr. Sakharov, was a founding member of the Moscow Human Rights Committee. Mr. Chalidze had as soon as been denied re-entry to the Soviet Union after he had gone to New York.
Professor Cohen stated in an e mail that he, Mr. Kline and Mr. Chalidze “in all probability moved extra forbidden literature out of and again into the Soviet Union, roughly beginning in 1977, than another people — People, a minimum of.”
He added: “Till Moscow denied me an entry visa in 1982, we moved scores of samizdat typescripts out and Russian language books in. I used to be typically on the bottom, in Moscow, with direct contacts with dissident authors, organizers, and so on., and with contacts to embassies, who despatched the stuff in and out by way of diplomatic pouches. Ed was in New York Metropolis, however completely central to all of this, as funder, sponsor, enabler.”
Ms. Feuer, too, stated that whereas Mr. Kline might not have performed as outstanding a public position as different human rights advocates, he nonetheless left a profound legacy.
“My father was an integral a part of the Soviet Dissident motion,” she stated in an e-mail, “however all the time as a silent companion.”
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